The American Institute of Pyramid Research was founded to continue the work of The Institute of Pyramidology in Harpenden, England, when it came to a sudden end at the tragic death of James Rutherford. James and his father Adam had built a worldwide following through their regular newsletters and publications, most notably the four volume Pyramidology set, available now from Amazon. (It had been out of print and unavailable for decades).
Adam Rutherford spent hundreds of slavish hours measuring and studying the Great Pyramid, and his measurements are still used by many researchers (though most Egyptologists prefer the measurements of Flinders Petrie… more on that in another post…) Rutherford claimed that the Great Pyramid contains divine revelations through the media of geometry and stone, similar to the way prophecy contains revelations in words. Both need interpretation. Many Egyptologists label the work of Rutherford, and others in this tradition, as “pyramidiots.” For those who take their marching orders for meaning and truth from Egyptologists, you need read no farther. You have your verdict.
I was always taught that when one resorts to ad hominems in debate (and to state the obvious, when someone calls someone else a “pyramidiot” that is an ad hominem) one is tacitly conceding. Rational discourse has ended. While I respect the work of Egyptologists, and benefit from Egyptology in the same way I do all scientific attempts to uncover the past, it does not entirely encompass my human capacity in the search for meaning. While Egyptologists study religion and metaphysics, they do not engage in religion and metaphysics. Egyptology is a hard, empirical science, not a metaphysical religion. The American Institute of Pyramid Researchon the other hand, does not out of hand dismiss metaphysics. While we do support all scientific efforts to expound the wonders of the Pyramid, we do not hide or deny the fact that we believe there is evidence that the Great Pyramid contains divine revelations.
photo: AIP Director at the Mena House, on a recent study tour of Egyptian pyramids. This is where Adam Rutherford stayed when he did his research on the Great Pyramid
While the AIP has many free resources and studies available to everyone (read through our blog entries here!) we simply ask that those who are not open to the idea that the Great Pyramid contains divine revelations not seek to join its membership. We continue in our work to keep alive in this world the idea that there are truths of eternal value to be found in the Great Pyramid of Giza, the only one of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World still standing.
As AIP Director I have been on several study tours of the pyramids in Egypt. It is certainly exciting to be in a foreign country, exploring new sites, riding on camels and trying new food. And you can certainly see things in person that will never look the same as they do on a page in a book.
I remember the night before I was to go into the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid for the first time, I could hardly sleep in my room at the Mena House. I was within sight of that grand monument which I had read about for decades, but now I was soon to enter it, and its grandest room, the King’s Chamber. Morning couldn’t come soon enough. And when that moment finally came, and I was inside the famous corridors of the Pyramid, exploring its mysterious chambers, I felt like I had been there before. Because I had been there before, through so many photos and images of the mighty monument I had seen in the past.
My explorations inside of the Great Pyramid were limited to one hour. (The picture here is me at the empty coffer, the only furnishing in the King’s Chamber.) It is very hard to get the clearance that I received to be able to spend that hour. It was thrilling, and over quickly! And yet you can spend hours, days, months and years in the Pyramid through the pages of the thousands of books which have been written about it. You can explore all its chambers, learn of their measurements, browse their history, get an erudite guide and never worry about your “hour” coming to an end!
So if your goal is to really get to know the Great Pyramid, and to try to muscle closer to the secrets of this Silent Sage, don’t book a tour to Egypt. Book a book. Now the problem you have won’t be finding the money for a tour, and finding the best tour groups that go to the pyramids, your problem will be, “Which books do I read?” And I am afraid that for this search, there are no shortcuts or easy choices. I’ll give you a bit of a guide soon, but first, let’s look at “What’s so great about the Great Pyramid?”.
Let’s look at a variety of ways that the Great Pyramid of Giza sets itself apart as one of the greatest marvels of all time.
It is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World still standing. That’s pretty amazing…
Gone is the Statue of Zeus, the Colossus of Rhodes, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Temple of Artemis, the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus. Only the Great Pyramid is still with us.
It is one of the oldest structures on the face of the earth and arguably the best built. Its mortar joints are consistently 1/50 of an inch, thinner than a sheet of paper! Sir William Flinders Petrie declared that this craftsmanship could be compared to the “finest opticians’ work on a scale of acres.” Consider that there are hundreds of thousands of stones that make up the Pyramid, none weighing less than a ton, most weighing about two and a half, and some as much as 20 tons! The Pyramid covers over 13 acres of ground and is almost entirely solid masonry, not hollow or earth-filled like the Central American pyramids. Building it today would stress even the best construction cranes and the best and largest private construction companies, their most talented artisans and their best engineers… and it would be too expensive to build!
The Great Pyramid is uniquely situated on our planet. Joseph Seiss claims that the Pyramid lies in the center of gravity of the continents. Many others say that it also lies in the exact center of all the land area of the world, dividing the earth’s land mass into approximately equal quarters. The north-south axis (31 degrees east of Greenwich) is the longest land meridian, and the east-west axis (30 degrees north) is the longest land parallel on the globe. There are only two places that these longest land-lines of the terrestrial earth can cross. One is in the Pacific Ocean, and the other just happens to be at the Great Pyramid! This fact alone is – incredible!
This is not the only intimate connection between the Pyramid and the planet on which it sits. In his fascinating narrative in Secrets of the Great Pyramid, Peter Tompkins lays out the historical and geometric evidence that the Pyramid is a geographic representation of earth’s northern hemisphere. That could only be true if the ancient Egyptians had knowledge of the size and shape of the earth. It can now be established scientifically that these Egyptians knew the shape of the earth “to a degree not confirmed till the eighteenth century when it was established that Newton was correct in his theory that the planet was somewhat flattened at the poles, and they knew the size of the earth to a degree not matched till the middle of the nineteenth century…” (Tompkins, 211)
For the Pyramid to be a replica of the northern hemisphere, there must be a relationship between the measurements of the Pyramid and those of the earth. The Egyptian government sent J.H. Cole to measure the base of the Pyramid in 1925 and he found that twice the perimeter of the Great Pyramid’s base was 1,842.91 meters. The modern figure for a minute of latitude at the equator is 1,842.9 meters. Thus, each base side of the Pyramid is equal to 1/8 minute of a degree, and thus twice the perimeter would be equal to almost exactly one minute of latitude on planet earth!
In a recent article Keith Hunter also makes a case that baseline of the Pyramid was determined by the builders from the relationship of the elliptical arc between the Pyramid itself in Giza, and the equator. Again, the Egyptians would have to have known that distance to design the mighty structure. Hunter says the designers took 1/14400 of the distance of that arc, based on the 144,000 polished limestone blocks which originally covered the entire pyramid, making the Pyramid appear as a shining diamond with the bright sun reflecting off of it. Many of those beautifully polished casing stones were knocked loose in a 14th century earthquake, and then the rest were removed by enterprising builders who used them to build many of the mosques in Egypt! The Great Pyramid is now “naked” having lost all the glittering stones that once covered it, and the second great pyramid in Giza shows just a few weathered ones remaining at its top.
Despite being one of the oldest structures on the face of the earth, the Great Pyramid has been called one of the most accurately oriented, its four sides facing almost exactly due north, south, east, and west. The Paris Observatory, symbol of Enlightened man’s advancement by science instead of superstition and religion, is six minutes of a degree off true north. The Great Pyramid is only three minutes deviant, and E. Raymond Captclaims that is due mainly to subsidence. There are architects and engineers who have studied the Pyramid’s structure and contend that, with all our vaunted technological prowess, we could not build the structure today. Does the theory of evolution run in reverse?
We will leave for later posts the geometrical evidence in the Pyramid that it is not a dead tombstone, but a living Prophet, in the unique way it combines length and time. We thought that only modern Einsteinian physics combined space and time, but long before Newton the Silent Sage was blending them!
What could explain this intimate relationship between the measures of the Great Pyramid and the dimensions of the Earth? How could the ancient Egyptians have known something that history says was not to enter the annals of man for 4000 years, during the Age of Enlightenment? The answer to this question depends on which school of pyramidology answers it…
Two thousand years after the Great Pyramid was built, the Greek historian Herodotus, known as the “father of history,” revived the study of that Mighty Wonder. From that time to this, there was been controversy over its meaning and symbolism. In our day, opinions about the Pyramid fall into three schools, roughly sketched below.
“Pyramidiots”. This is the unflattering name given to those who believe the Great Pyramid is a revelation from a divine source, from the Creator. Those in this school say the plans for its building came from prophets who were in touch with the Divine will. One of the most distinguished scholars in this group was the Astronomer Royal for Scotland, C. Piazzi Smyth,(with Newton, Darwin and Einstein) a member of the Royal Society. Smyth, in his book Our Inheritance in the Great Pyramid (1864) claimed that the measurements he obtained from the Great Pyramid of Giza indicated a unit of length, the pyramid inch, equivalent to 1.001 British inches, that could have been the standard of measurement by the pyramid’s architects. Smyth claimed that the pyramid inch was a God-given measure handed down through the centuries from the time of Noah, and that the architects of the pyramid could only have been directed by the hand of God. Adam Rutherford, who directed the Institute of Pyramidology, and wrote a 4 volume set entitled “Pyramidology,” is another leading “pyramidiot.” Zahi Hawass regularly uses this term to dismiss any findings from this school. It is a generally undeserved ad hominem because of the serious and rational scholarship from many researchers in this group. But the Christian perspective of most of these authors dooms them to contempt from secular scholars.
Esotericists or “Theosophists.” The centerfold of this school would be current authors of widely circulated books speculating on the meaning of the Sphinx, the pyramids, and related matters, especially Robert Bauval and Graham Hancock, authors Fingerprints of the Gods and The Message of the Sphinx. Students and scholars in the Esotericist School believe the wisdom built into the Great Pyramid came from an intelligence not now present, either from a fallen former super-civilization, like Atlantis, or from intelligent aliens, gods from outer space who visited earth in an ancient past. Bauval and Hancock work from the standpoint that a great intelligence from the past has been lost, but they never directly posit intelligent aliens. But that implication – that highly intelligent alients built the Pyramids – is always there to be drawn by those millions who buy their books and follow their work.
Egyptologists. This is the modern priesthood of pyramid knowledge, the small cadre of scholars holding doctorates in fields relating to ancient Egyptian history, language and religion. Modern Egyptologists believe the Great Pyramid was built by Egyptians in conventionally calculated historical times, and the Pyramid’s metrics, symbolism and meaning must all be interpreted from the religious beliefs of the Egyptians held at the time of the Pyramid’s construction. The most famous face of this group would be Dr. Zahi Hawass, who oversaw Egypt’s antiquities before the 2011 Egyptian revolution. While Hawass does not have an outstanding reputation as an honest scholar among many Egyptologists and Esotericists (Bauval regularly slams his scholarship and honesty), his enthusiasm for things Egyptian has captured the hearts of devoted followers around the world who see him on National Geographic specials, and in the news. I participated in two tours of the major Egyptian pyramids with Dr. Hawass, and appreciate his defense of the Egyptian authorship of these grand monuments.
The most elite of these three schools – the hardest to get into – is the Egyptology school. Here are some of the hefty admission requirements:
You must be accepted into a PhD program at a major university. That’s hard!
You must have the money to pay expensive tuition for many years. (Robert Bauval continues to insist that Dr. Zahi Hawass, and another widely known Egyptologist, Dr. Mark Lehner, were both given financial assistance to pay for their PhD work from an esotericist group, The A.R.E., a group focusing on the wild and weird prophecies of the “sleeping prophet”, Edgar Cayce!)
And now for the biggest hurdle: you have to accept
the major foundations of the accepted Egyptian chronology (even though there are countless evidences of where it was wrongly constructed in the formative years of modern Egyptology),
the required skeptical and negative academic attitude toward esoteric and metaphysical and Christian interpretations
your worldview must be constrained and defined by the existing Egyptological establishment
It’s easier to join the first school, because it allows its students freedom of conscience and belief. The “Pyramidiots” largely believe that the Pyramid is a divine revelation, the other two groups don’t. Egyptologists are largely empiricists. The one way they might be said to acknowledge God is when they write about the many gods the ancient Egyptians believed in, and analyze their religious systems. The Esotericists might be willing to conjecture that the apparent geometric marvels of the Pyramid are the result of knowledge lost with Atlantis or some other highly advanced but now destroyed civilization, but they would belittle the possibility that God used prophets to direct the building of the Great Pyramid in the way that some believe God directed Noah to build the ark. They are willing to exercise their muscles of hope for unseen Atlanteans, but not for unseen divine prophets.
While there have been a wide range of sympathizers to the idea of divine inspiration in the Great Pyramid, from a variety of slants, including Sir Isaac Newton (I have studied his Dissertation upon the Sacred Cubit… in the rare book room of the University of Chicago’s Regenstein Library, in which he deduced a sacred and profane cubit- if you would like to read it I was allowed to make an electronic copy and it is available to those who join the AIP), it might be helpful to look at the man who could be said to have sparked its modern consideration, John Taylor. Taylor’s book entitled, The Great Pyramid: Why Was it Built and Who Built it? was published in 1859, the same year that Darwin published The Origin of Species. The similar timing of these two seminal works seems providential in that they propose singularly opposing views on the origin, and ultimately the purpose, character and destiny of the human race.
Given these gigantic stakes, what were Taylor’s findings and conclusions?
The works of John Taylor and Charles Darwin in 1859 were epochal. Taylor points to divine, Darwin to natural explanation of origins. The struggle between these divergent and irreconcilable viewpoints spawned what has become a gigantic realignment of the core Western worldview: God is no longer the assumed, default foundation for meaning. Really this is more than just a realignment of the West. The entire history of the world is people groups revolving around their God, their theology, and their common religious practices. Atheism was largely unknown on planet Earth until the 20th Century. The Industrial Revolution was the new Grand Inquisitor elevating the gods of efficiency, mechanization and its service of creature comforts, snuffing out slowly, methodically, every metaphysical spark, sucking dry any connections to eternity, a perfecting of the inevitable unified theorem: “Time is money.”
But. John Taylor. As I write this, it is March 14, which officially in America, since 2009, is “Pi Day.”
It was John Taylor who first proposed, in his book The Great Pyramid: Why Was it Built? and Who Built it?, the idea that the number π (pi) was incorporated into the design of the Great Pyramid. He found that dividing the perimeter of the Pyramid by its height, equals 2π. Since a circle’s radius is related to its circumference by that same number (2π) Taylor thought perhaps the Great Pyramid was intended to be a representation of planet Earth, the height corresponding to the radius joining the center of the Earth to the North Pole and the perimeter corresponding to the Earth’s circumference at the Equator. Scotland’s Astronomer Royal, Charles Piazzi Smyth, picked up on this concept, spent considerable personal wealth in measuring the Great Pyramid to confirm and champion it, along with other ideas from Taylor’s book, such as the antiquity and divinity of the cubit as a measure. So much so, that a movement was formed which battled back against the steam roller of godless efficiency and said no! to its ultimate symbol: the metric system. A totally rational man-made system of measures, easily manipulable by tens, initially based on a meridian through Paris, capitol of the Enlightenment, who would deny it worldwide takeover?
John Taylor. Charles Piazzi Smyth. Britain and America said no. They said no to the metric system, when everybody else was saying yes, because they believed that the builders/designers of the Great Pyramid had a connection with the Creator, the Creator had given the cubit, the cubit was used in the Great Pyramid’s design, and the English system of measures – the foot, inch, the pound, the acre – was descended from the cubit. The metric system had no such divine connection, but was a creation of the Enlightened mind. So this battle of which measuring system to use was another manifestation of the Darwin – Taylor stand-off. Naturalism and its pinnacle, the mind of man, juxtaposed to Intentional Design from the mind of a Creator.
So on this Pi Day, let me meditate out loud about π, in a way to strike back against the onslaught of skepticism grounded in empiricism, the unique modern conceit. π is an infinite number. It never ends, can never be finally calculated, goes on and on in endless song. It is what mathematicians call an “irrational” number. Perfect! It is only irrational because they cannot contain it, turn it into a simple fraction. They cannot define and control it. But a wonderful characteristic of this “infinite” number is that it is used practically all the time, not just to calculate circumferences or diameters, but to help establish normal probability distribution, and to allow “signal processing” which basically converts a signal to a frequency spectrum, thus allowing, for instance, your cell phone to communicate with a cell tower. π is infinite, yet can yield practical results by being operationalized to 22/7 or 3.14.
π, at the center of construction of the Great Pyramid, is a perfect symbol for the Silent Sage. The Sage is mysterious, “irrational”, yet one of the world’s most visible, recognized and beloved monuments. The Pyramid, like π, embodies a higher wisdom from the ancient past. It can be said of the Sage, like the heavens talked about in Psalm 19:
Day after day it pours forth speech; night after night it reveals knowledge. 3 It uses no speech, it uses no words; no sound is heard from it. 4 Yet its line goes out into all the earth, these nonword “words” to the ends of the world.
Bauval has done a great service to scholarship by publishing with great energy his studies focusing especially on the pyramids of the Giza plateau, and the stars in the belt of the Constellation Orion.
Bauval’s ideas are well known and widely available on the web. It is probably better to read these summaries than plow through his books because he is often verbose and gossipy. Verbose: he goes on and on and on in Secret Chamber Revisted: the Quest for the Lost Knowledge of Ancient Egypt, when he is chasing down Hermes and the ancient Egyptian magical religion. All kinds of information is rattled off, in a zig-zag fashion that covers a lot of ground… and goes nowhere. It is unclear what he is doing except maybe being paid by the word? Gossipy: He loves to publish all the dirt and misdeeds of Zahi Hawass, and Mark Lehner, so much that we could wonder if he is jealous of Zahi and Mark. Though Zahi is widely recognized as being more of a promoter and cheerleader for Egypt’s treasures than a rigorous, fair and dispassionate scholar, Bauval still seems to envy his wide popularity in some quarters. Hawass is certainly famous around the world.
Also, Bauval has never really pursued a true and full exposition of his Orion Correlation Theory. (OCT) Bauval focuses on the three stars in the constellation Orion’s belt, and their correlation to the three main Giza pyramid. But the belt is not really Orion. After you meet a person, let’s say a man, since Orion is a man, and you talk with him for a few hours, how do you describe him to someone else who asks you the next day?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
Well what kind of accent does the person have?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
Is he married? In love? Romantically inclined?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
What kind of shoes was he wearing?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
What social media does he use? Is he an introvert or an extrovert?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
OK, you get the point. Orion has more stores that configure his person, than just the belt stars of Al Nilam, Al Nitak, and Mintaka. There is his mighty shoulder, Betelgeuse, and his other shoulder Bellatrix. There is his foot Rigel, and the tip of his sword, Saiph. There is the sword itself, the Orion Nebula, and his head, Meissa. And what about the elbow of his upraised arm, Mori, and his hand gripping the club, Epsilon Orion, or the club itself, Chi02 Orion? So why does Bauval never mention them? If he has truly uncovered the Egyptian “as above, so below” in his OCT, then we should expect to find more than three pyramids at Giza being pinpointed.
Part of the reason that Bauval has never gone beyond these three stars is because when he first published the idea in about 1994, he received a tremendous amount of pushback from the Egyptological, scholarly world. He says in Secret Chamber Revisited that his theory was treated like it was pyramidiocy. He didn’t like that. Now here is where Bauval could have really motored forward. He could have said, “You know what? I am not going to be held back by the conservative and cowardly, not to mention often irrational biases of the Egyptological establishment. You want to call me a pyramidiot? Go ahead. Because the ultimate judge here will be the reading, intelligent public. They will see the merit in what I am doing. They will come along. The establishment will be left along to themselves… pure in their own sight, but irrelevant and passed by.”
Yes, Bauval could have said that, he could have taken that attitude, pressed on, and gone to the other stars that make up Orion. But he did not. The persecution slowed him down. Understandable, from a human point of view, but still unfortunate.
A second reason Bauval didn’t press on with a fuller treatment of Orion in his OCT, was that he was having trouble making the connection to the other stars. While Betelgeuse is represented by Djedfre’s pyramid in Abu Roash, Bauval was off looking for its earthly Egyptological correlation point on the east side of the Nile. He was turned around. I am basing this on the testimony of a friend of mine, a navigator, who interacted with Bauval at the time he was trying to extent the OCT. Plus, as he did make some steps to extend the OCT early on, he received more pushback. So he just stayed with the three Giza Giants he had started with, and was most comfortable with.
The proof of this is that, over twenty years after birthing the OCT, Bauval, in his most recent treatment of it, in the book Origins of the Sphinx (2017), co-authored with Robert M. Schoch, he has an appendix entitled “The Orion Correlation Theory: Can if Be Falsified?” He is still worried about its acceptance among the elite. He is still trying to convert the unconvertible! He goes on for 22 pages in this appendix trying to show the scientific nature of his 3-star theory, and hangs onto to the opinion of one scientist who says that the theory cannot be falsified. He closes the appendix with this sentence, “This rigorous analysis, I very much now hope, will encourage some Egyptologists to look at the OCT without the usual bias and arbitrary criticism…” So his focus is still to be accepted by Egyptologists. It has kept him for over 20 years from taking the OCT to the whole of Orion! That is something that AIP has done. Follow our Instagram and YouTube channels, and you will see when we publicly publish this!
Here is a prelimary YouTube video from AIP where we look more fully at Bauval’s Orion Correlation Theory (OCT), and place it in a proper perspective.
In this photo: John Anthony West, Robert Bauval, Zahi Hawass, Graham Hancock
Bauval and his satellite intellectual partner Graham Hancock constantly lament that the Egyptological establishment (Dr. Hawass, Dr. Mark Lehner, and the other gods of Egyptology) does not accept their scholarship. Bauval/Hancock say the Sphinx is older than the 4th Dynasty, the Bad Boys say no. Bauval/Hancock say it’s weathering puts it thousands of years before the 4th Dynasty, the Egyptology gods say no. The Egyptologists say there is no credible connection with the stars and the Giza Monuments, the alternate stars Bauval and Hancock insist on it.
The rebels Bauval and Hancock believe the Giza Giants were built by a previous high tech civilization like Atlantis but Hawass/Lehner, the voices of authority, insist on the 4th Dynasty. Etc. etc.
So here is my message for the Masters of the Alternative, Bauval and Hancock. Look, you guys have sold a ton of books, you are famous, a ton of people believe your ideas. What is this desire to be accepted by the establishment academy? You are like school boys in the playground complaining to the teacher, “They won’t join in our game.” Get over it! Why would you want their acceptance? They represent all that you stand against: love of power over scholarship; blindness to new evidence from geology, physics, engineering; colonial attitude toward ancient Egyptians.
Face it, you have already won. The judge? The millions who follow your stuff and accept it. Keep doing what you are doing and forget about the Powers of the Egyptological Establishment. False paradigms will eventually fall in embarrassment. Continue in the confidence of your craft, your scholarship, what you know for sure and leave the fear and envy of the Establishment to the lightweights.
Now, having said that, I still side with Hawass and Lehner on the age of the Pyramids, and the fact of their being built by Old Kingdom Egypt. Khufu built the Great Pyramid. End of story. You alternative guys have tacitly admitted that by publishing STRONGLY, after Zahi Hawass showed you the Khufu cartouche in the Great Pyramid’s relieving chambers. If that cartouche is authentic, AND YOU ALL AGREED IT WAS, then it is solid archaeological proof that the Pyramid was built during the reign of Khufu. If the Pyramid had been built earlier, by workers from Atlantis, or Outer Space, they must have been psychic to be able to correctly predict and draw centuries ahead of time the cartouche of a Pharaoh who had not yet been born. Or that pharaohs would even have cartouches.
So keep writing those books and keep defending over and over the 3-star “Orion” Correlation Theory, and keep insisting that the Pyramids are older, ignoring that this view conflicts with this little piece of evidence that you strongly admitted in the past is an authentic marking from the workmen building the Khufu pyramid:
Photo: The cartouche of Pharaoh Khufu, taken from a granite block in the relieving chambers of the Great Pyramid.
Chris Dunn is an engineer who has written several books which have made him one of the centerfold researchers among alternative theorists of Egypt’s past history.
Dunn’s first book was The Giza Power Plant: Technologies of Ancient Egypt. His work suggests a highly advanced civilization existed in prehistory, and the Giza Pyramid is a remnant of their technology. The technology that fueled this ancient power source was harmonic resonance. Dunn uses brilliant reverse engineering to suggest that the Great Pyramid of Giza was actually a large acoustical device! By its size and dimensions, this crystal edifice created a harmonic resonance with the Earth and converted Earth’s vibrational energies to microwave radiation.
Dunn shows how the pyramid’s numerous chambers and passageways were positioned with deliberate precision to maximize its acoustical qualities. Dunn’s hypothesis sounds like the work of Nikola Tesla.
Dunn’s second book, Lost Technologies of Ancient Egypt: Advanced Engineering in the Temples of the Pharaohs, looks at the sophistication of Egyptian art and structures with the eye, skill and training of a career engineer. He concludes that technology beyond what Egyptologists tell us the ancient Egyptians had was necessary to manufacture the artifacts we find. The complicated processes and equipment that would have been necessary to create, for instance, the perfection found in the faces and crowns of Rameses statues in upper and lower Egypt is not anywhere the part of the archaeological record. So of course the Egyptologists conclude it was not there. But Dunn insists it must have been.
Both groups in their own way, are operating on scientific principles. The difference is what assumptions, what inferences each group works with. The mainstream Egyptologists, who follow conservative principles of forensic archaeology, do not find evidences of advanced technology in the ruins of ancient Egypt. No colliders, not atom-smashers. No laser saws, no electric dynamos. Therefore they INFER that these things do not exist.
Chris Dunn, a forensic engineer, looks at the curves on granite at Abu Roash, he looks at the intricacy of the crown of Rameses’ statutes, and he sees evidence of advance tooling, advanced technology. Therefore he INFERS that these things must have existed.
Welcome to another of the mysteries of Egypt! What would be necessary for these groups to be able to come together, since they both claim to be operating on scientific principles? Obviously, if the tools were found! If a gigantic saw was uncovered by an Egyptologists spade, such as Dunn insists must have been used to smooth and shape granite into a curve, we would see a coming together. Especially if several more high tech artifacts were unearthed.
One possibility to help explain the mystery of the missing technology, is that it might have been some form of sonar, a mobilization of sound and vibration that took little to no technology to produce. There is evidence that the Grand Gallery and the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid were crafted with resonance as one of the prime architectural objectives. While it is said over and over that the relieving chambers, as they are called, above the King’s Chamber, were put there to lessen the effect of the crushing weight of stone above, the same would be even more true of the Queen’s Chamber, which has even more weight above it, but it has no relieving chambers.
Chris Dunn says that the King’s Chamber is not braced into the stone structure all around itself, but is actually free-standing! I have never noticed this before. In a way that a placenta is segregated physiologically from the mother’s body housing it, the King’s Chamber is from the rest of the Pyramid! So the relieving chambers above the King’s Chamber must have another purpose than strength provision. One of the chief purposes of the design of the King’s Chamber and the chambers above it could be for maximum resonance, to enhance tonal features and the power of sound!
Drawing: The gold lines are used to represent the idea that the connection between the granite blocks that make up the King’s Chamber and the relieving chambers above it, may not be tied by masonry connection to the surrounding stones, making the whole King’s structure free standing!
Every post on this blog has had its timestamp doctored. Anyone who has worked with the web’s most commonly used creator, WordPress, knows that getting your blog posts to show in reverse chronological order is like solving the riddle of the Sphinx or the conundrum of how to square the circle. I won’t say it can’t be done, but… well, it’s hard. So I solved that problem by entering, for every post on this site, a date more distant in the past than the previous. So none of the dates listed for the written snippets on this site are accurate. Someone could probably find out the actual date every post here was laid down, but it would be difficult.
That’s a microcosm of the difficulty in settling with assurance on dates from the distant past. It’s hard, and can’t be done with great surety. Where certainty exists is, in many cases, not really certainty, but the brute force of scholars all reinforcing one another on a date they are all committed to, have put in their lecture notes, and have fastened into their system. It is accepted because, well, um, because everybody accepts it.
The air shafts from the Queen’s Chamber of the Sage remained hidden for over 4000 years until they were discovered in modern times. You will not have to wait that long to read about these mysterious pathways.
A Middle-Eastern guru commandingly told people to “Follow me!” What is the right path to life, and who has it? The unified mantra today is, “there is no right path, every person sets their own truth.” There you go. No need to consult Mohammad, or Socrates or Lincoln or Mother Teresa. Your god is within. Aristotle begins the Nicomachean Ethics by basically saying that everyone is doing what is right. All actions tend toward the good. Since we are all defining our own truth, then all is well, and we need search no further. Utopia has arrived.
Except. Except that we all know that it hasn’t. School shootings. Cancer. Deadly gas in Syria. Not everything that everyone sets out to do is right. So you are wrong on that point, Aristotle. Not all actions tend toward the good. Some actions are stupid, some wrong, some downright evil, some cruel and despicable. So back to our initial inquiry. What is the right path to life, and who has it?