Robert Bauval has published a lot of books.
Bauval has done a great service to scholarship by publishing with great energy his studies focusing especially on the pyramids of the Giza plateau, and the stars in the belt of the Constellation Orion.
Bauval’s ideas are well known and widely available on the web. It is probably better to read these summaries than plow through his books because he is often verbose and gossipy. Verbose: he goes on and on and on in Secret Chamber Revisted: the Quest for the Lost Knowledge of Ancient Egypt, when he is chasing down Hermes and the ancient Egyptian magical religion. All kinds of information is rattled off, in a zig-zag fashion that covers a lot of ground… and goes nowhere. It is unclear what he is doing except maybe being paid by the word? Gossipy: He loves to publish all the dirt and misdeeds of Zahi Hawass, and Mark Lehner, so much that we could wonder if he is jealous of Zahi and Mark. Though Zahi is widely recognized as being more of a promoter and cheerleader for Egypt’s treasures than a rigorous, fair and dispassionate scholar, Bauval still seems to envy his wide popularity in some quarters. Hawass is certainly famous around the world.
Also, Bauval has never really pursued a true and full exposition of his Orion Correlation Theory. (OCT) Bauval focuses on the three stars in the constellation Orion’s belt, and their correlation to the three main Giza pyramid. But the belt is not really Orion. After you meet a person, let’s say a man, since Orion is a man, and you talk with him for a few hours, how do you describe him to someone else who asks you the next day?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
Well what kind of accent does the person have?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
Is he married? In love? Romantically inclined?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
What kind of shoes was he wearing?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
What social media does he use? Is he an introvert or an extrovert?
“Oh, he has a great belt.”
OK, you get the point. Orion has more stars that configure his person! He is more than simply the belt stars of Al Nilam, Al Nitak, and Mintaka. There is his mighty shoulder, Betelgeuse, and his other shoulder Bellatrix. There is his foot Rigel, and the tip of his sword, Saiph. There is the sword itself, the Orion Nebula, and his head, Meissa. And what about the elbow of his upraised arm, Mori, and his hand gripping the club, Epsilon Orion, or the club itself, Chi02 Orion? So why does Bauval never mention them? If he has truly uncovered the Egyptian “as above, so below” in his OCT, then we should expect to find more than three pyramids at Giza being pinpointed.
Part of the reason that Bauval has never gone beyond these three stars is because when he first published the idea in about 1994, he received a tremendous amount of pushback from the Egyptological, scholarly world. He says in Secret Chamber Revisited that his theory was treated like it was pyramidiocy. He didn’t like that. Now here is where Bauval could have really motored forward. He could have said, “You know what? I am not going to be held back by the conservative and cowardly, not to mention often irrational biases of the Egyptological establishment. You want to call me a pyramidiot? Go ahead. Because the ultimate judge here will be the reading, intelligent public. They will see the merit in what I am doing. They will come along. The establishment will be left alone to themselves… pure in their own sight, but irrelevant and passed by.”
Yes, Bauval could have said that, he could have taken that attitude, pressed on, and gone to the other stars that make up Orion. But he did not. The persecution slowed him down. Understandable, from a human point of view, but still unfortunate.
A second reason Bauval didn’t press on with a fuller treatment of Orion in his OCT, was that he was having trouble making the connection to the other stars. While Betelgeuse is represented by Djedfre’s pyramid in Abu Roash, Bauval was off looking for its earthly Egyptological correlation point on the east side of the Nile. He was turned around. I am basing this on the testimony of a friend of mine, a navigator, who interacted with Bauval at the time he was trying to extend the OCT. Plus, as he did make some steps to extend the OCT early on, he received more pushback. So he just stayed with the three Giza Giants he had started with, and was most comfortable with.
The proof of this is that, over twenty years after birthing the OCT, Bauval, in his most recent treatment of it, in the book Origins of the Sphinx (2017), co-authored with Robert M. Schoch, he has an appendix entitled “The Orion Correlation Theory: Can if Be Falsified?” He is still worried about its acceptance among the elite. He is still trying to convert the unconvertible! He goes on for 22 pages in this appendix trying to show the scientific nature of his 3-star theory, and hangs onto to the opinion of one scientist who says that the theory cannot be falsified. He closes the appendix with this sentence, “This rigorous analysis, I very much now hope, will encourage some Egyptologists to look at the OCT without the usual bias and arbitrary criticism…” So his focus is still to be accepted by Egyptologists. It has kept him for over 20 years from taking the OCT to the whole of Orion!
Well, AIP is not going to be held back by such fears. First we don’t have the ambition of Bauval and will be operating under a much reduced critical audience to his. At least for now. On our Instagram and YouTube channels, we have posted some partial allusions to our work in extending the OCT. But it should be mentioned here what we are doing on one of our other websites, www.voiceofOrion.com. We are no longer going to use the terminology of “Orion Correlation Theory” and “OCT” because Bauval has misused those (again, it should be called the Belt Theory, NOT the Orion Correlation Theory) we want to infuse some motive energy into this important work, so we are calling our more full correlation work ENOCH. “EgyptiaN Orion Connection Hypothesis.” You can follow our development of that cyber real estate here.
Here is a prelimary YouTube video from AIP where we look more fully at Bauval’s Orion Correlation Theory (OCT), and place it in a proper perspective.
In this photo: John Anthony West, Robert Bauval, Zahi Hawass, Graham Hancock
Bauval and his satellite intellectual partner Graham Hancock constantly lament that the Egyptological establishment (Dr. Hawass, Dr. Mark Lehner, and the other gods of Egyptology) does not accept their scholarship. Bauval/Hancock say the Sphinx is older than the 4th Dynasty, the Bad Boys say no. Bauval/Hancock say it’s weathering puts it thousands of years before the 4th Dynasty, the Egyptology gods say no. The Egyptologists say there is no credible connection with the stars and the Giza Monuments, the alternate stars Bauval and Hancock insist on it.
The rebels Bauval and Hancock believe the Giza Giants were built by a previous high tech civilization like Atlantis but Hawass/Lehner, the voices of authority, insist on the 4th Dynasty. Etc. etc.
So here is my message for the Masters of the Alternative, Bauval and Hancock. Look, you guys have sold a ton of books, you are famous, a ton of people believe your ideas. What is this desire to be accepted by the establishment academy? You are like school boys in the playground complaining to the teacher, “They won’t join in our game.” Get over it! Why would you want their acceptance? They represent all that you stand against: love of power over scholarship; blindness to new evidence from geology, physics, engineering; colonial attitude toward ancient Egyptians.
Face it, you have already won. The judge? The millions who follow your stuff and accept it. Keep doing what you are doing and forget about the Powers of the Egyptological Establishment. False paradigms will eventually fall in embarrassment. Continue in the confidence of your craft, your scholarship, what you know for sure and leave the fear and envy of the Establishment to the lightweights.
Now, having said that, I still side with Hawass and Lehner on the age of the Pyramids, and the fact of their being built by Old Kingdom Egypt. Khufu built the Great Pyramid. End of story. You alternative guys have tacitly admitted that by publishing STRONGLY, after Zahi Hawass showed you the Khufu cartouche in the Great Pyramid’s relieving chambers. If that cartouche is authentic, AND YOU ALL AGREED IT WAS, then it is solid archaeological proof that the Pyramid was built during the reign of Khufu. If the Pyramid had been built earlier, by workers from Atlantis, or Outer Space, they must have been psychic to be able to correctly predict and draw centuries ahead of time the cartouche of a Pharaoh who had not yet been born. Or that pharaohs would even have cartouches. The scholarship that is currently attempting to debunk the cartouche evidence in the relieving chambers above the King’s Chamber in the Great Pyramid is forced and polemical, in the guise of dispassionate, unbiased research. Scott Creighton’s title shows the truth in plain sight: The Great Pyramid Hoax: The Conspiracy to Conceal the True History of Ancient Egypt
With this title, Creighton is acting like what he is supposedly supposed to be proving, or examining, is in fact established science. He is concluding, in the title of a book claiming to be investigating something, that he doesn’t need to investigate because he already has his conclusion: of course the Pyramids were built by a former, now lost, high tech civilization! The problem, Mr. Creighton, is that this has NOT been proven. That is the whole point.
Philip Coppens, a sensible and learned student of the Great Pyramid has handled the question Mr. Creighton claims to be attempting to answer, with a much more balanced treatment. He goes to the source of the initial charges brought against Howard Vyse as being a forger of the Khufu cartouches. These original charges come from Zecharia Sitchin. Coppens shows, after fairly looking at the evidence that Vyse might have committed forgery, that a good case can be made that Sitchin has committed forgery in attempting to dismiss Vyse. Sitchin’s motives for debunking Vyse are the same as Vyse’s would be for forging Khufu.
So let it be clear. The cocksure hypothesis that drives Bauval and Hancock and the like, that the Pyramid is the work of an ancient, now lost, advanced civilization, has not been proven. I have absolutely no doubt that there have been advanced cultures that have gone down. The flood. The Tower of Babel. Probably Atlantis (which might have been part of the Babel collapse). But I am sure that the Great Pyramid is not evidence for one of them. There is too much evidence. Khufu built the pyramid associated with him. More on that elsewhere…
So keep writing those books and keep defending over and over the 3-star “Orion” Correlation Theory, and keep insisting that the Pyramids are older, ignoring that this view conflicts with this little piece of evidence that you strongly admitted in the past is an authentic marking from the workmen building the Khufu pyramid:
Photo: The cartouche of Pharaoh Khufu, taken from a granite block in the relieving chambers of the Great Pyramid.
This seems to be drawn with the same red ochre paint as the writing found by the most recent robot explorations of the rooms at the end of the Queen’s Chamber Air Shafts… which I am pretty sure Howard Vyse did not forge.
I am afraid that the attempts to debunk the cartouches above the King’s Chamber have not eliminated them as an evidence for a 4th Dynasty build of the pyramid. But that is a digression…
Follow our work on advancing ENOCH, the EgypatiaN Orion Connection Hypothesis.